The Berlin Wall from the View of former East-Berlin
For 28 years a nearly insurmountable barrier kept people from fleeing East Germany. In the dramatic night of November 9, 1989 we saw the fall of the Wall that divided Germany, scenes of jubilation heralded the end of communism in Europe. Today it is difficult to imagine what was bitter reality just a few decades ago.
The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the “death strip”) that contained anti-vehicle trenches, “fakir beds” and other defenses.
The Eastern Bloc claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the “will of the people” in building a socialist state in East Germany.
In practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that marked Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.
For the first time, a realistic computer animation reveals the vast security system of Germany’s inner border and the Berlin Wall, both of which were recreated virtually in the greatest detail.
The animation is part of the DVD “Walled in! What the Cold War frontier in divided Germany was really like”.